Drug use and abuse are common in all sports and at all levels of competition. The pressure and expectations in his performance may push him to use drugs and alcohol. The wear and tear of his body might be the stressors that make him reach for the painkiller.
F ootball has never had a Lance Armstrong moment, in Britain or worldwide, and there are two conflicting ways to view that record of relative cleanliness.
Drug testing has become an increasingly large part of both professional and amateur sports. An athlete can be called for drug testing at any time, in or out of competition. During competition, some sports only carry out drug testing on the winning team or top three competitors.
Others will test by random selection from all competitors. When called for a drugs test the athlete is entitled to have a representative such as their coach or team doctor present to verify that the testing occurred in accordance with guidelines. A sample is provided in view of an official of the same gender and split into two bottles and sealed by the athlete. A code will be attached to the bottle and recorded on the relevant paperwork to ensure the correct result is given to the athlete whilst retaining their anonymity.
Following the sampling procedure, the athlete must complete a medical declaration which states all medicines, drugs, and substances taken over the last week. It is important that the athlete records everything, from over-the-counter medicines to supplements and prescribed drugs.
The competitor, representative, and official all check the form before the official and athlete it and both parties are given a copy.
The samples are then sent to a registered laboratory if there is not one on-site where sample A is tested using gas chromatography which uses separation techniques to divide the contents of the sample and mass spectrometry which provides the exact molecular specification of the compounds. If a positive result is found with sample A, the athlete is notified before sample B is also tested. The athlete or their representative is entitled to be present at the unsealing and testing of the second sample.
If this too is positive, the relevant sporting organisations are notified whose responsibility it is to decide what penalties or bans are to be imposed. Blood testing is used in the detection of drugs such as EPO and artificial oxygen carriers by testing the haematocrit or blood count.
This can help with blood doping tests in the future. The same anonymity and representative procedures apply as for urine sampling. Again the athlete is asked to select and check the testing and collection equipment before a phlebotomist an individual trained to draw blood collects two samples of blood directly into bottles A and B. The bottles stay in the possession of the athlete who is always accompanied by an official until they are sealed in the sample collection kit. Samples are sent to a lab for testing. The same procedure applies as in urine testing, where if the A sample is positive, the B sample is then tested.
Another positive result means the appropriate governing bodies are notified. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics".
The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance".
It does not store any personal data. Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features.
Performance cookies are used to understand and analyze the key performance indexes of the website which helps in delivering a better user experience for the visitors. Analytical cookies are used to understand how visitors interact with the website.
These cookies help provide information on metrics the of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc. Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant and marketing campaigns. These cookies track visitors across websites and collect information to provide customized. Other uncategorized cookies are those that are being analyzed and have not been classified into a category as yet.
For answers to your anti-doping queries.
These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience.
Necessary Necessary. Functional Functional.