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Is mauritania in west africa

The largely-desert country presents a cultural contrast, with an Arab-Berber population to the north and black Africans to the south. Many of its people are nom. In the Middle Ages Mauritania was the cradle of the Almoravid movement, which spread Islam throughout the region and for a while controlled the Islamic part of Spain.

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Mauritaniacountry on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Mauritania forms a geographic and cultural bridge between the North African Maghrib a region that also includes MoroccoAlgeriaand Tunisia and the westernmost portion of Sub-Saharan Africa. Much of Mauritania encompasses part of the Sahara desert, and, until the drought conditions that affected most of that zone of Africa in the s, a large proportion of the population was nomadic. Mauritania was administered as a French colony during the first half of the 20th century and became independent on November 28,

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An IOM migration profile of Mauritania released today shows that Mauritania remains a major destination and transit country for migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa. This includes migrants working in the informal sector of the Mauritanian economy as well as migrants transiting through Mauritania on their way to Europe through the Canary Islands.

The report finds that 87 per cent of all migrants working in the capital Nouakchott, in the commercial centre of Nouadhibou and in the south-western border town of Rosso are employed in the informal sector, mostly as domestic workers, petty traders and drivers or in agriculture, fisheries or the food catering industries.

The migration profile notes that inan estimatedMauritanians had emigrated abroad, mostly to West Africa More than half of Mauritanian emigrants have a poor level of education, with highly skilled emigrants representing less than 12 per cent of all emigrants resulting in a minor brain-drain. The emigration of Mauritanians is mainly due to dwindling opportunities in the national economy and a saturated informal sector, which drives increasing s of unskilled and unemployed youth to emigrate.

The report underlines that fact that remittances play a crucial role in improving the standard of living of families left behind even if remittances we estimated at USD 2 million inrepresenting 0. It also underlines that key emerging migration issues, such as the adequate management of foreign labour cannot be properly addressed because of the existing legal framework and a persistent lack of reliable data on current migration trends.